Tuesday, 7 July 2020

Carbon Capture and Storage at Local Level

Introduction
CO2 for commercial use is mostly created chemically. In lots of applications, the CO2 required could be obtained locally by low cost carbon capture from CO2 emitters

Description
Shortly, it will become possible to economically capture CO2 from low volume CO2 emitters and from the atmosphere.

The purpose of this plan is to develop Carbon Capture Use and Storage (CCUSlocal) units which can capture CO2 from local emitters and to distribute this CO2 to local users. With the CCUSlocal units, it may also be possible to recover the CO2 from some of these users and recycle it. The CO2 captured may also be sequestered.

Benefits of CCUSlocal
  • Reduce the amount of CO2 manufactured to meet commercial use
  • Reduce the carbon footprint of the CO2 distribution network
  • Reduce the number of strong heavy metal CO2 storage tanks required for distribution
  • Many small emissions of CO2 being captured for use and sequestration
  • Possible to extract CO2 from the atmosphere.
  • Applicable wherever CO2 is produced or used globally
Plan
Initially procure the rights to set up a factory to manufacture Small Scale Carbon Capture units to produce bottled CO2 then set up franchises for local collection and delivery services across the UK then elsewhere in the world.
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There are also specific applications with their own requirements for a complete system. Units for these applications would be developed and sold through franchises specific to that market.

There are also a wider range of applications involving cooperation with other manufacturers. These are being investigated.

Some of the local uses of CO2
Paint Ball Guns

Air Pistols
Beer and soft drink carbonation and dispensing in bars and restaurants

Welding
Food preservation

Fire Extinguishers
Aquariums

Horticulture
Hydroponics

Soda Syphons
Carbonated Water Taps

Dry Ice Production
Soil Improvement


Concrete Production
Some Small Scale CO2 Emitters

Gas/Biofuel heaters/boilers in large buildings
Brewers and distillers
Wine making
Bars/Restaurants/Clubs

Features of the CCUSlocal unit
To succeed in this market place, the characteristics of the CO2 capture unit must include:-
  • Be small to medium sized but can be grouped to scale up to larger units
  • Require no external equipment other that a pump to remove the pure CO2
  • Require little routine maintenance
  • Produce CO2 of high purity > 99%
  • Be able to produce CO2 of food use purity
  • Have versions that work with different temperatures of feedstock
  • Produce CO2 at a competitive price
It would also be useful to have versions which:-
  • Will extract CO2 from CH4 streams
  • Will extract CH4 from air streams
Such a technology is under development. It will be necessary to obtain licences to use this technology.

Future Developments

Tie up with a company producing activated carbon from coconut shells, coffee grounds etc. This produces CO2 and Activated Carbon that can be used to store methane.

The CO2 separation system may be modified to separate methane (CH4) from an air stream creating a valuable resource from animal sheds.

The separation system also be modified to separate CO2 from a mainly CH4 stream ( anaerobic digesters ) thus increasing its value.

Integrating CO2 use and CO2 recovery in bars to reduce drink delivery and ventilation costs

Initial Needs
Someone to take over, organise and finance this project. Owing to my advanced age, I am not in a position to take the lead in this operation.

Seed funding for “Proof of Concept”. Initially this involves liaison with the developer on the practicalities of the technology.

Promise of support to convince the developer that we are serious and can afford a license.
Once a license is obtained, must quickly build up production capacity, marketing, publicity and franchising effort.

Note that the separation technology can be scaled up for high volume applications.
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